Demonstration of knowledge of a second Slavic or regional language and a research language (French, German, or another language chosen in consultation with the graduate advisor) is required before students are advanced to the preliminary examination. The regional language requirement can be satisfied through four semesters of language study or the successful completion of a translation examination. The research language requirement can be satisfied by completion of FR 500 and 501 or GER 500 and 501, the equivalent courses in another language, or a translation exam.